Pavlov 's Classical Conditioning And Skinner 's Operant Conditioning

1243 Words Feb 9th, 2016 5 Pages
TaSheena Moore
PSY 110

Pavlov’s Classical Conditioning and Skinner’s Operant Conditioning Learning is a relatively permanent change in behavior due to experience. There are two types of learning, associative learning and cognitive learning. Associative learning occurs when a person or an animal forms a simple association among various stimuli, behaviors, or both. It requires little to no awareness or thought. Cognitive learning refers to understanding, knowing, and anticipating. Our subject today comes from associative learning. There are two types of associative learning. Ivan Pavlov of Russia, discovered classical conditioning, and Edward Thorndike discovered operant conditioning. Classical conditioning is the type of associative learning based on what happens before we respond. It begins with a stimulus that reliably triggers a behavior as a response. Classical conditioning occurs when you learn to associate two different stimuli. There is no behavior involved. The first stimulus that you will encounter is the unconditioned stimulus. Unconditioned stimulus is a stimulus essentially capable of producing a response without any previous learning. That learning is called an unconditioned response.
Pavlov conducted a study using dogs. He placed the dogs in a harness and placed a piece of food on their tongue. A tube was placed to carry saliva from the dogs’ mouth to a lever measuring the saliva. Pavlov believed that salivation was an automatic, inherited reflex.…
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