Pay For Performance And Employee Performance

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1. Pay for performance is to link employees’ salary or salary increase to his or her performance. It seems to be a reasonable or attractive idea but it often does not work well in organizations. Please use at least 4 motivation theories or models to explain why pay for performance may not work as expected—particularly in government and nonprofit organizations. Pay for performance is a quite rational theory. According to the U.S. Merit System Protection Board (2006), “Pay for Performance refers to a pay strategy where evaluations of individual and/or organizational performance have significant influence on the amount of pay increases or bonuses given to each employee” (p.1). This theory hope to use different salary to motivate and punish the employees according to the evaluation of their working performance. However, in the real world, it is very hard to implement in every organization, particularly in government and nonprofit organizations. Firstly, according to the needs theories, “behavior as being directed toward the satisfaction of human needs” (p.166). Salary is one of the employees’ needs, but not all of the needs. As Maslow 's Hierarchy of Needs (1943) stated, people has different kinds of needs which motivate human behavior, such as physiological needs, safety needs, love needs, esteem needs and self-actualization. High payment could satisfy the physiological needs, but when an employee is satisfy with his/her salary, he/she will pursue other levels need, such as
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