Starting on March 25, 2015 in the 144th Congress, the Paycheck Fairness Act was first introduced into the legislative process to amend the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938 to provide a more effective remedy to the victims of discrimination in the payment of wages on the basis of sex and other purposes. This bill is introduced because for every full-time women worker she will get only 78 cents for every dollar a man makes but women have been entering the workforce for the past 50 years and need equal pay despite their gender. Even with the Equal Pay Act in 1963 being passed, women still face the continuous impact of lower pay than men for an equal amount of work and this exists in both private and government sectors and if these pay differences
The second policy alterative to considered would be for Congress to pass the Paycheck Fairness Act, a piece of legislation first introduced in 1997, which would not only amend the Equal Pay Act by increasing incentives to prevent discrimination in wages and account for loopholes, but it would also protect employees from punishment by their employers for discussing wages. According to Hill (2017) the bill has been reintroduced in Congress every year since its creation but has yet to pass. A version of the bill introduced to the 113th Congress would prohibit employers from distributing wage differences based on gender and would limit “bona fide factors, such as education, training, or experience,” meaning that employers could only take these
Imagine what an extra 20%, or more, in your paycheck could do for you. Maybe it would be the difference between just scraping by and having a little discretionary income. Now, imagine being paid based on your own merit, and not some sliding scale which has historically favored men as the breadwinners of the family. Unfortunately, for most women, equal pay is still a dream. Today, as throughout history, there exists a gender pay gap where women are paid $0.79 to every dollar a man makes. Minority women make even less. Women, of course, have always known this gap exists, but they have had little power to change it.
The road a bill takes to becoming a law is a long and tedious process. First, the proposed bill goes through the House of representatives. Once the bill has been approved by the House, it is then begins its journey through the Senate. After the bill has been endorsed by the Senate, the houses of congress then meet in conference committees to prepare the bill to be sent to the White House. To summarize, the path the bill takes to become a law is a fairly complex impediment.
“Women earn only 77 cents for every dollar men earn, with women of color at an even greater disadvantage with 64 cents on the dollar for African American women and 56 cents for Hispanic women.” — White House Statement of Administration Policy on Paycheck Fairness Act, June 4. 
“Join the union, girls, and together say Equal Pay for Equal Work” -Susan B. Anthony. Countless women, even here in the U.S. have some sort of the wage gap. The wage gap is the difference between the median earnings of women relative to median earnings of men. In this case, women earn a significant amount less than men. Although the wage gap has gotten smaller over the years, the wage gap still has a long way to go. Women deserve better than just minimum earnings. Full time, working women should obtain the best promotions and benefits. Women that work just as tough and have the equivalent qualifications as men do still earn less, and that is just unacceptable. The wage gap should be abolished on behalf of women of color and their struggle, equal pay is a global problem, equal pay benefits employers and workers, and the wage gap accumulates over time.
In 1963, the Equal Pay Act was passed by Congress; it required that men and women at the same workplace be paid the same amount of money for equal work (EEOC). However, this law was not enforced whatsoever and fifty-five years later little to no change has been seen. Researchers say that if nothing is done by the government soon, the United States will not reach pay equity until 2059 (WeForum). The pay gap narrowed slightly in the 1980s, but since then the average pay gap country-wide has remained around 80 cents to a dollar. In Columbus, Ohio, where women make up more than 50% of the population, there is an even lower gap at 78 cents to a dollar for white women, 64 cents to a dollar for African American women, and 61 cents to a dollar for Latinas. If these discrepancies did not exist then women who work full-time, year-round jobs being paid the same amount of money as men for the same job with the same qualifications then they would be able to buy eighty more weeks of food (one and a half years’ worth), pay for nine more months of mortgage/utility payments, and for more than fourteen additional months of rent (National Partnership). This is why the Columbus City Council should pass a law/ordinance that makes it illegal in Columbus, Ohio for companies and businesses to pay their employees a different salary for jobs that require equal qualifications of men and women of all
The Gender Wage Gap is defined as the different amounts of money that is paid to women and men, often for doing the same work. Women who work full time, year round earn 77 cents for every dollar that men earn. Over a year women make $11,500 less than men and throughout their life this wage gap can affect women by making them earn anywhere from $400,000-$2 million less than men do. (Miller 2008, 6) The wage gap varies for women of different races. On average African-American women are paid 60 cents and Latinas are paid 55 cents for every dollar white men make. Over a year this amounts to a loss of $21,937 for African-American women and $25,177 for Latina women. (Dishman 2015, 1) Asian American women earn the highest amount compared to other minorities at 80 cents to the dollar compared to men. (Miller 2008) Minorities and women are already two of the groups that face the most struggles, but because these women are both women and minorities, this puts this in a greater disadvantage. The Paycheck Fairness Act is an effort to address the issue of the wage gap. It’s purpose is to stop retaliation against employees who disclose wage information and closes loopholes that employers use to avoid paying women equal wages. The Paycheck Fairness act is necessary to lessen the hardships of women due to the gender wage gap, it would help decrease sex based discrimination in the workplace, and because it would help fix the issues that past acts have not been able to resolve and be
President John F. Kennedy signed the Equal Pay Act (EPA) into law on June 10, 1963. “The act aimed towards stopping wage inequality through not only races but also genders within the United States.” The income difference between a male and a female was substantial. The Equal Pay Act was not the first act to attempt to be passed. In 1942, twenty years earlier Congresswoman Winifred C. Stanley introduced the Prohibiting Discrimination in Pay on Account of Sex Act. This act was not passed. The equal pay for equal work is an idea that people that do the same work, as others will be compensated in the same way. The act was established because women were receiving less pay than men were for the same exact job. After woman starting taking jobs that men were doing while they were men were fighting in wars, woman took their jobs but were being payed a substantial amount less then the men were.
Throughout history, discrimination has wielded its ugly head in many different forms. Things such as, but not limited to, race, religion, appearance, beliefs and gender have consistently oppressed minorities. A continual discrimination that the women of the world are dealing with takes place in what has been promised to be a fair and unprejudiced environment: the work place. This issue deals with women not being paid the same amount of money as men even though they may be equally, if not more so, trained, educated and qualified for jobs. This historically stems from women being the traditional ‘caregivers’ or ‘homemakers’ while men tended to be the ‘breadwinners’ of the household. This difference in pay based on gender is called the Gender Wage Gap. The Gender Wage Gap is the difference in working pay earned by men and then working pay earned by women. The conventional way to look at the gender wage gap is to compare full-time salaries earned by both of the genders. Up until the 1950’s, it was accepted that men and women were paid different amounts of money. Women were thought not to need to be paid as much as their male counterparts because they were not the “breadwinners” of the family. In the 1960’s, this all changed because people and unions from all across the country fought hard for the Equal Pay legislation. It is now part of the Canadian Human Rights act. Canadian law now requires employers to pay men and women the same pay for the same job and this is called “pay
Men and women should be paid equally for equal work right? Of course this seems like an easy question to answer, but oftentimes this is not the case. To this day, there is still a 33% gap between what women make on average compared to a man’s dollar. In April of 2014, Senate Republicans blocked the Paycheck Fairness Act which proposed closing the pay gap between men and women. Primarily, the goal of the bill was equal pay for equal work and that employers cannot tie compensation to work quality, productivity and experience. Unfortunately, the bill was shot down by all Republicans leaving Americans worrisome and favoring the idea that Republicans rejected the bill for more important political programs. On the other side though, Republicans declare
From 1950 to 1960, women made 59 to 64 cents for every dollar a man made when performing the same job. In 1963, the government established the Equal Pay Act, which began to shrink the wage gap at a near constant rate of about half a penny per year. The Equal Pay Act also made it illegal to pay women lower rates for the same job strictly based on gender, although many companies found ways around this requirement by citing other reasons for their tendencies to pay women less. Following the enactment of the Equal Pay Act, women made 59% of the wages men earned. In 1970, the U.S. Court of Appeals third circuit heard Schultz v. Wheaton Glass Co. The Court of Appeals ruled that in order to fall under the Equal Pay Act, jobs did not need to
Another example of how bills and laws work is shown with the Student Loan Fairness Act of 2013(H.R. 1330). Authored by Sen. Elizabeth Warren (D-Mass) and sponsored by Representative Karen Bass (CA-37), if this bill is signed into a law it would dramatically lower the interest rates on federal student loans (Kingkade, 2013). Warren’s plan is to have the percentage rate on government issued student loans lower from 6.8 percent to .75 percent (Kingkade, 2013). When looking at the details of H.R. 1330, you can see the timeline of events that has happened since the bill was introduced in 2013. The details show that Hon. Karen Bass introduced the bill to the House Education and the Workforce, House Financial Services, House Ways and Means, and then the bill was referred to the subcommittee on Higher Education and Workforce Training. (Committee Action, Schwalbe, 2014). As of April 2013, the bill has gained up to 51 different cosponsors however it is still under review by committee and awaiting further action or until the committees are ready to send it to the floor for debate. If this bill did become a law it would help college students with the debt they incur while obtaining higher education. Some people say that bills take too long to pass and looking at H.R. 1330 one can see why most Americans feel this way. (No action since April 2013) The wait time and the
Today we still pay so much attention of the equality between women and men. It’s still a very hot topic around us in our today’s society. However, when we talk about it right now, we more care about if women and men have the same equal right. For example, if they enjoy the equal protection in the working environment, in terms of the working hours or of their salaries. From the official website of American Association of University Women (AAUW), “In 2014, women working full time in the United States typically were paid just 79 percent of what men were paid, a gap of 21 percent”. Using the formula, pay gap=(men’s median earnings-women’s median earnings)/men’s median earnings .In 2014, median annual earnings in the Untied States women and men working full time, year round were $39,621 and $50,383, respectively. 2014 earnings ratio=$39,621/$50,383=79%. 2014 pay gap= (50,383-$39,621)/$50,383=21%. So the earnings differentials between men and women mean that there is a wage gap. The wage gap is a statistical indicator often used as an index of the status of women’s earnings relative to men’s.