Peace Building through Community Involvement

1281 WordsJan 26, 20185 Pages
For it isn’t enough to talk of peace, one must believe in it. And it isn’t enough to believe in peace, one must work at it. -Eleanor Roosevelt Over the course of history, society, economy, and political affiliations have all exhibited devastating impacts sought on by violence in conflict. As seen in the media, violence in all forms, whether it be direct violence or structural violence, have had reoccurring themes of halted or negative development and have been linked to psychological trauma in those who have personally witnessed or been a victim of violent acts. Although conflict is inevitable in a world with a variety of different cultural beliefs, political systems and resource availability, there are a variety of ways in which conflicts can be resolved without resorting to the use of violence. Within many fragile contexts, or "state structures that lack political will or capacity to provide the basic functions needed for poverty reduction, development and to safeguard the security and human rights of their population,” (OECD DAC, 2007), communities have maintained impressive resiliency qualities. Through the development of community-based peace building organizations, communities that exist within fragile contexts would have the tools to maintain resiliency and sustainability during violent conflicts. The term peace building was originally coined by Johan Galtung in the 1970’s and has since been redefined by several international institutions and NGOs (United
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