Can you believe that in ancient Rome most people could become citizens while in Athens most people could not? Around 500 BC, in the southern Mediterranean, in two ancient civilizations, Athens and Rome, the idea of citizenship started to form. The idea of citizenship gave both responsibilities and rights to people. This made them feel important and like they belonged. Rome had the better system for many reasons. Three of these reasons are that Rome was more generous with their citizenship, their government was better organized, and they were more selective about the people in their government.
Rome and Athens were both superpowers during their time and paved the way for modern day western culture. There were a few things that Rome did better though including their citizenship system. The following reasons are why Rome’s citizenship system works better than Athens’. Firstly the Romans allowed a higher number of people to become citizens. The next reason is that Rome made sure that their citizens were playing a role in society. Lastly the Romans had a more organized and efficient senate than that of the Athenians.
Athens is a major Greek city-state in European history. It was a great center of cultural and intellectual development, and thus home to philosophers. Socrates and Pericles, two of these philosophers, had polarizing opinions about the city-state and its citizens. While Pericles chooses to praise the Athenian citizen, Socrates criticizes Athens’ people. Pericles gave his opinion at a funeral during the first battles of the Peloponnesian War, while Socrates gave his during the trial that ultimately led to his death. The Athenian city-state has become a model for today’s systems of government and a hearth for western philosophy, so Pericles’ opinion seems to be the one that is more accurate.
In Rome they allow a lot of people to become citizens. Romes people included :native men, native women, native male children, and female children. In Athens they only let native men be citizens. How would athens increase if they didn't give females citizenship? In athens they didn't even consider children citizens. To be considered a citizen in Athens you had to complete education and serve two years in the military.
The city-state of Athens had a better system of citizenship because they cared more about who became a citizen, everyone who was a citizen had equal rights and the citizens had a democracy. With the population of around 300,000 people, including slaves only 13% were considered citizens. Athenians emphasized citizen responsibility more than citizen rights. In Athens, participating in government and making the city-state work was considered the right thing to do.
The city-state of Athens had a better system of citizenship because they cared more about who became a civilian, everybody who was a citizen had equal rights and the citizens had a democracy. With the population of around 300,000 people, including slaves only 13% were considered citizens. Athenians emphasized citizen responsibility more than citizen rights. In Athens, participating in government and making the city-state work was considered the honorable act to accomplish.
In our document based readings we learned a about how Rome and Athens varied in their approach to Government, Citizenship, and Social cast rights that their citizens were able to obtain. In documents A, B, C, and E all provide example as to how Athens strict rules allowed Athens to have the best system and , also become the longest lasting City-State.
The first reason why Rome’s citizenship system was better than Athens’ is because they accepted more people as citizens. In document A it shows who could be allowed to become a citizen in both Athens and Rome. Rome allowed all people except slaves to become citizens while Athens only allowed free native born adult males to become citizens. Rome was a lot more lenient when giving citizenship, which is probably one reason they boasted a population of 45,000,000.
Citizenship in Athens and Rome has similarities and differences. Being a citizen is being a native or naturalized member of a state or nation who owes allegiance to its government. Being a citizen meant different things in each empire. The relationship between the citizen and their nation varied from their system of citizenship. Rome had a better system of citizenship because they were more open to who they allowed citizenship, they gave people they conquered citizenship, and personal grudges, judgements about others/topics would not affect the Empire.
Athens was more strict on who could become citizens. document a proves that, because only adult, native-born, free men could become citizens. document C also supports this, because it shows how many people or which people could become citizen's for Rome, white they couldn't for Athens. but that's a good thing, that way no one who secretly hates them is less likely to have power. or have conquered people as citizens and then have them rebel, causing chaos.
2) Athens was stingier with its Citizenship, due to its belief that the Athenian way of life would be tainted. The Romans gave away citizenship freely, but in measured and controlled amounts. Latini are people from regions outside Rome but on the Italian Peninsula, who had all the citizenship based rights other than a official Roman Marriage. Foederati are the citizens of states that have treaty obligations with Rome, who performed military service in exchange for Limited Rights. The Peregrini are foreigners in Conquered lands, that got full or partial
According to document A Rome let female children, sons of freed slaves, Free native-born adult males, free native-born adult females, and free native-born male children could become citizens while in Athens only free native born males were aloud to become citizens. Rome let more people become citizens than Athens meaning they were more open to citizenship than Athens making more people want to live there because they feel appreciated when they are a citizen. When Rome were to capture a city the people would be open to citizenship and feel welcome to Rome. If you had the choice to go to Rome or Athens you would want to choose Rome because you would have a better chance of becoming a citizen and feeling
The Athenian citizen had a further contribution to the government than Spartans citizens. The Athenian government allowed its citizens to take part in government positions, aside from military positions, as it stated on a textbook, Echoes from the Past that ”Every citizen had an equal chance to hold public office”(Newman, Echoes from the Past, page132). Which signifies that being in the government position means having the capability to rule and not wealth. In the Athenian democracy, each council member and government officials had an