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Peacekeeping Missions Of The United Nations

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Under Chapter VII of the UN Charter, peacekeeping missions can be launched by the Security Council of the United Nations in the aim to secure peace and to help populations in reconstructing stable and durable government and institutions (United Nations, 1945). This essay will focus on the peacekeeping mission created in 2002 at the request of the Government of Afghanistan, "to assist it and the people… in laying the foundations for sustainable peace and development in the country" (UNAMA, n.d.). This mission is called the United Nation Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA) and has been prolonged by the resolution 2145 (March 17, 2014), for twelve more months. First, a historical background of the situation will be provided that will help to understand the intervention of the international community. Then, the essay will focus on the interests of each participant in the mission, especially how regional actors were convinced that an intervention will benefit them. Finally, an appreciation of the effectivity and the efficiency of the mission will be presented through a journalistic perception and also from members of the UN themselves. Mainly, this essay is trying to demonstrate that, even though UNAMA brought incontestable aid to the country, it has been, since the beginning of the mission, challenged and contested. It was reproached its cooperation with the authoritarian Afghan government, but also its blurred line with the U.S. own mission of war on terrorism.
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