Pediatric Concussion and ImPACT Testing

2193 WordsFeb 3, 20189 Pages
Pediatric Concussion and ImPACT Testing The American Academy of Pediatrics estimated in a recent review that up to 3.8 million recreation and sports related concussions occur annually in the United States, although only 300,000 are reported each year (“Concussion,”2012). The brain of a young athlete is still developing, which makes them more vulnerable to the effects of a concussion compared to an adult (Halstead & Walter, 2010). The young athlete often neglects to report symptoms of concussion because they do not want to sit out of their sport. This places them at a higher risk for a longer recovery along with more serious consequences if they sustain a second concussion (Ahmann, 2013). A concussion management model provides a medically recognized assessment system that is used as part of overall concussion management protocol. In 2001, the Concussion in Sport Group recommended that neurocognitive testing is one of the “cornerstones” in concussion management (Solomon, 2014). Neurocognitive, or neuropsychological, testing is considered the core of concussion management models, determining return-to-play and managing the recovery of the athlete (Duff, 2009). Neurocognitive tests are computerized and have replaced the traditional paper-and-pencil neurocognitive tests that were previously used in concussion management. The Immediate Post Concussion Assessment and Cognitive Testing (ImPACT) tool is a neurocognitive test that was developed in the early 1990’s for
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