Peer Pressure Towards Negative Behaviour and Classroom Quality Effects on Academic Achievement

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Children are often viewed as happy, carefree beings without having to care for most stressors in life. However, take a closer look and we would understand that children do have their growing pains as well. In this research, children are defined as young kids below the age of 12. As they grow older, they undergo many changes in their life, and it is of no surprise that they need to learn to cope from the situation based on those changes. This study is designed to understand the underlying theories and factors that could affect the children’s development through the environmental influences that may promote or affect the development of behavior and achievement through peer pressure and classroom quality (Adams, Ryan, Ketsetzis, and Keating,…show more content…
Although conformity and compliance are relatively similar, they too, have differences. Compliance is a specific response to a specific request, while conformity generally involves unspoken pressure to behave in a particular manner. Generally, compliance involves request which could be explicit such as using the foot-in-the-door technique. Most of the time, in compliance, the child is told to respond or complete the task told in a desirable manner; while in conformity, a person is expected to behave in a particular manner (Cialdini and Trost, 1998).
Compliance plays a major role in building and maintaining relationships where children learn to behave in a certain manner to maintain status quo (Cialdini and Trost, 1998). When we comply with an instruction, we receive praises, or lavished with social acceptance and gifts. By doing so, the children feel accepted, wanted and loved by other peers. In a way, compliance acts as a form of conditioning the behavior expected from their peers (Cialdini and Trost, 1998).
It is easy to view compliance as a form of concession due to the obligation children might have towards their peers. Studies have found that with compliance, children tend to bend towards peer pressure and it has a significant effect towards negative behavior (Adams et al, 2000; Fanti and Henrich, 2010). This isn’t surprising, as children
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