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Pelvic Mass Research Paper

Decent Essays
Pelvic Mass

A pelvic mass is an abnormal growth in the pelvis. The pelvis is the area between your hip bones. It includes the bladder and the rectum in males and females, and also the uterus and ovaries in females.

CAUSES
Many things can cause a pelvic mass, including:
Cancer.
• Fibroids of the uterus.
• Ovarian cysts.
• Infection.
• Ectopic pregnancy.

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS
Symptoms of a pelvic mass may include:
• Cramping.
• Nausea.
• Diarrhea.
• Fever.
• Vomiting.
• Weakness.
• Pelvic, side, or back pain.
• Weight loss.
• Constipation.
• Problems with vaginal bleeding, including:
○ Light or heavy bleeding with or without blood clots.
○ Irregular menstruation.
○ Pain with menstruation.
• Problems
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• An MRI.
• A surgery to look inside your abdomen with cameras (laparoscopy).
• A biopsy performed with a needle or during laparoscopy or surgery.
In some cases, what seemed like a pelvic mass may actually be something else, such as a mass in one of the organs near the pelvis, an infection (abscess) or scar tissue (adhesions) that formed after a surgery.

TREATMENT
Treatment will depend on the cause of the mass.

HOME CARE INSTRUCTIONS
What you need to do at home will depend on the cause of the mass. Follow the instructions your health care provider gives you. In general:
• Keep all follow-up visits as directed by your health care provider. This is important.
• Take medicines only as directed by your health care provider.
• Follow any restrictions given to you by your health care provider

SEEK MEDICAL CARE IF:
You develop new symptoms.

SEEK IMMEDIATE MEDICAL CARE IF:
• You vomit bright red blood or material that looks like coffee grounds.
• You have blood in your stools, or the stools turn black and tarry.
• You have an abnormal or increased amount of vaginal bleeding.
• You have a fever.
• You develop easy bruising or bleeding.
• You develop sudden or worsening pain that is not controlled by your
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