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Perception 1. Describe Jim’s self-concept. Jim is using a personal construct, or mental yardstick, to measure his intelligence and responsibility when he is discussing how he is performing in school (Wood, 2012). He compares himself to his father by claiming his father is brilliant and did not have any trouble in school versus himself who is struggling to pull C’s. Jim feels that no matter how hard he tries he will never be an A student because he is using a self-servicing bias that college is more difficult than when his father went to college and he has no control of the difficulty (Wood, 2012). Jim is attributing his grades to external forces, such as more difficult material, and believes that no matter how much studying he will not…show more content…
Jim’s father may be attributing the grades being what they are because Jim is not spending as much time as possible to studying, the group of friends that Jim hangs out with, or Jim not trying. Jim and his father could be making the two common errors in their attributions, the self-serving bias and the fundamental attribution error, because each could be overestimating the external factors in the cause behind the grades or overestimating the internal causes of another’s behavior. They both could be applying specificity to their perception. According to Wood (2012), “Specificity explains the behavior in terms of whether the behavior has implications that apply in most or all situations (p.70).” Jim might believe that his father is too hard on him because the father made better grades in the past. The father may believe that Jim does not apply himself academically. 5. Offer two tips for Jim and two tips for his father, using the guidelines for improving perception and communication (starting on p.79) and explain how these tips could be applied in an effective way. A tip that I would offer to Jim is monitor his self-serving bias in his communication with his father and with the grades that he is receiving. Jim needs to see whether he attributes the lower grades because of external factors and does not attribute his lack of studying habits to the cause of his grades being what they are. A second tip that I would offer Jim is to
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