Perceptual Form Organization

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Week 4 - Chapter 4 Review

1. Your visual receptors have begun to receive, translate, and transmit the contours of the letters on this exam to your brain. You are therefore engaged in the process of _____.
a) selection
b) organization
c) reading
d) sensation x

2. The key functions of sensation and perception are respectively: _____.
a) stimulation and transduction
b) transmission and coding
c) detection and interpretation
d) interpretation and transmission

3. When you first put your clothes on this morning you felt them on your skin, but within minutes you no longer noticed them. This is an example of _____.
a) sensory accommodation
b) sensory adaptation x
c) habituation
d) the fabric of your life

4. Pain
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a) is presented during a person 's motivational need state
b) manipulates people without their knowing about it
c) is presented below the threshold of a person 's conscious awareness
d) none of these options

11. Experiments on subliminal perception have _____.
a) supported the existence of the phenomenon, but it has little or no effect on persuasion
b) shown that subliminal perception occurs only among children and some adolescents
c) shown that subliminal messsages affect only people who are highly suggestible
d) failed to support the phenomenon

12. Your aiblity to raed thsi sntenece desipte its mnay mssipllengis is deu to ____.
a) bottom-up processing
b) integration
c) top-down processing
d) cognitive flexibility

13. Naomi and Karl have been corresponding over the internet. Karl wants her to attach a photograph of herself to her next message. Naomi wants Karl to find her attractive. Which of the following factors explains why she should send him a picture of herself alone, rather than one that includes her truly gorgeous roommate standing next to her?
a) personal motivation
b) expectation
c) frame of reference
d) all of these options

14. Why do so many people belive in ESP, despite evidence to the contrary?
a) Their interests affect their perceptions.
b) They selectively attend to supportive data.
c) Strong emotional responses are generated.
d) all of the above

15. Which perceptual principle of organization suggests
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