Essay on Performance Enhancing Drugs

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Performance Enhancing Drugs (PED’s) In all areas of sports, professional, college, and even high school, there is widespread illegal use of performance-enhancing drugs. It seems like you can’t go more than a week without hearing about somebody’s PED problems. Although there are many reasons for athletes to choose to use these drugs, the cost of such use, both to the athlete and to society can be extraordinarily high. The question that many people must answer to themselves is “is it worth the risk”. Therefore, it is important to understand why performance-enhancing drugs are used, the consequences of their use, and then apply that knowledge to how they are represented in the media. The first thing that we have to look at is why many…show more content…
Animal studies also found that fat mass was reduced, but most studies in humans failed to elucidate significant fat mass decrements. The effects on lean body mass have been shown to be dose dependent. Both muscle hypertrophy and the formation of new muscle fibers have been observed. The hydration of lean mass remains unaffected by AAS use, although small increments of blood volume cannot be ruled out. (Hartgens 519-527) Human Growth hormone is produced by the pituitary gland a pea-sized structure at the base of the brain to fuel childhood growth and help maintain tissues and organs throughout life. The body's ability to build muscle is dependent on many factors including hormone levels. Many hormones contribute to the muscle building process and one of those hormones (a very important one) is HGH. Its biggest contribution to muscle building likely comes in an indirect way. The majority of HGH's ability to create muscle growth is believed to rest in its ability to signal the body to release IGF-1. These two hormones affect the metabolism of proteins, fats and carbohydrates. Higher levels signal increased amino acid uptake and protein synthesis within muscle tissue. In short, they encourage anabolism and discourage catabolism. EPO or Erythropoietin EPO is a protein hormone produced by the
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