Period of Enlightenment

8482 Words Aug 23rd, 2012 34 Pages
Chapter 4 : The Period of Enlightenment (1872-1898)

Historical Background
After 300 years of passivity under Spanish rule, the Filipino spirit reawakened when the 3 priests Gomez, Burgos and Zamora were guillotined without sufficient evidence of guilt. This occurred on the 17th of February. This was buttressed with the spirit of liberalism when the Philippines opened it’s doors to world trade and with the coming of a liberal leader in the person of Governor Carlos Maria de la Torre.
The Spaniards were unable to suppress the tide of rebellion among the Filipinos. The once religious spirit transformed itself into one of nationalism and the Filipinos demanded changes in the government and in the church.

A.The Propaganda Movement
The
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2.El Filibusterismo (The Filibustering) This is a sequel to the Noli Me Tangere. El Filibusterismo exposed those in the government and in the church. First published in 1891 in Ghent, Belgium. Rizal dedicated this novel to the memory of three martyr priest the GOMBURZA.
3.Mi Ultimo Adios 1896 (My Last Farewell)
"Mi último adiós" (Spanish for "My Last Farewell") is a poem written by Philippine national hero Dr José Rizal on the eve of his execution on 30 December 1896. This poem was one of the last notes he wrote before his death; another that he had written was found in his shoe but because the text was illegible, its contents remains a mystery.
Rizal did not ascribe a title to his poem. Mariano Ponce, his friend and fellow reformist, titled it Mi Último Pensamiento (My Last Thought) in the copies he distributed, but this did not catch on.
"On the afternoon of Dec. 29, 1896, a day before his execution, Dr. Jose Rizal was visited by his mother, Teodora Alonzo, sisters Lucia, Josefa, Trinidád, Maria and Narcisa, and two nephews. When they took their leave, Rizal told Trinidád in English that there was something in the small alcohol stove (cocinilla), not alcohol lamp (lamparilla). The stove was given to Narcisa by the guard when the party was about to board their carriage in the courtyard. At home, the Rizal ladies recovered from the stove a folded paper.