Periodontal Disease And Manual Dexterity

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Periodontal disease and manual dexterity in an aging population Periodontal disease is the fifth most common health problem in Australia (Australian Institute of Health and Welfare [AIHW], 2015). Periodontal disease is associated with large costs to the health system and reduction in the quality of life, and wealth, of Australians (AHMAC Steering Committee for National Planning for Oral Health, 2001). The greatest contributor to the development of periodontal disease is the accumulation of plaque in the oral cavity. The human immune system responds to plaque by initiating an inflammatory response. This immune response is the beginning of periodontal disease. Plaque is manageable by completing simple oral health care practices such as…show more content…
This review concludes with the hypothesis that suggests that age-related declines in manual dexterity are linked to the increased prevalence of periodontal disease in older adults aged over 65.
Periodontal disease Periodontal disease is characterised by inflammation of tissues surrounding the teeth, damage to the supporting structures of teeth and the creation of pockets prone to bacterial infection (AIHW, 2015; Gehrig & Willmann, 2016). Periodontal disease is comprised of two main diagnostic categories: gingivitis and periodontitis. Gingivitis is characterised by inflammation, redness, oedema, and bleeding upon probing (Australian Research Centre for Population Oral Health, 2009; Gehrig & Willmann, 2016). Chronic untreated gingivitis can often lead to periodontitis (Gehrig & Willmann, 2016; Van der Weijden & Slot, 2015), which presents as a loss of attachment between the supporting structures of the teeth such as bones, gums and ligaments. The greatest contributing factor to periodontal disease is the chronic build up of plaque - a sticky film that adheres to the teeth, which is composed of microorganisms, microbial waste products and food debris (Australian Research Centre for Population Oral Health, 2009). Regular and effective oral hygiene practices such as frequent tooth brushing (Zimmermann et al., 2015), using a manual or power toothbrush (Van der Weijden & Slot, 2015) and interdental cleaning (Crocombe, Brennan, Slade, &
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