Person Centered And Cognitive Behavior Approach

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Person-centred and cognitive behaviour approach Introduction According to new research, diverse emotions such as happiness, sadness, anger, and fear are built on common building blocks of pleasure, displeasure and arousal. While previous research had focused on each of the emotions being a function of distinct and specialized brain circuitry, a scientist from the North-eastern University named Christine Wilson-Mendenhall would investigate the regions of the brain that are in common to said emotions. The research yielded that the orbitofrontal cortex was associated with both value and reward regardless of the specific emotion subjects felt (Encyclopedia of Mental Disorder, 2016). From the results, it makes sense that both fear and…show more content…
Person-centered approach According to Holder (2013), person-centred counselling and psychotherapy approach places much of the responsibility for treatment in the hands of the patient as opposed to the therapist. Developed in the 1950s by an American Psychologist namely Carl Rogers, this approach aims at increasing self-esteem and enhance openness to the treatment experience. The rationale behind this approach is that therapy can better take place in a supportive environment. This type of environment results from forming close personal ties between the client and the therapist. The approach relies on self-actualization, where it encourages the client to move forward and reach their fullest potential. Josefowitz & Myran, (2005) explain that like in any other form of therapeutic treatment, the success of this approach depends more on the skills and experience of the trainer. For it to be effective, the therapist should have congruence, unconditional positive regard, and empathy. This is the ability to be open and willing to relate to the client, accept the condition of the client, and show emotional understanding as opposed to a sense of sympathy. The therapist should understand the condition of the client while at the same time understanding that the condition can be rectified with positive thoughts. It is after such an understanding that the therapy can be able to appreciate the client’s situation from their
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