Person Centered Theory ( Pct )

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Person-centered theory (PCT) is a strength-focused approach to working with individuals developed by Carl Rogers during the mid-20th century. PCT proposes “that all people have the means to grow beyond the limitations of their experiences and work towards greater self-actualization when facilitated by a consistent and reliable relationship with an empathic, accepting practitioner.” (Walsh 2010 p33). PCT concludes “that the individual has within himself or herself vast resources of understanding, for altering his or her self-concept, attitudes and self-directed behavior.” (Kirschenbaum, H. & Henderson, V. L.1986) p135) PCT also supports that people are self-actualizing beings. In essence, individuals inherently work towards a greater understanding and harmony of themselves to the world around them. (Walsh p34) Individuals are believed to work towards a congruence where they “respect and value all manifestations of themselves, are conscious of all there is to know about themselves, and are flexible an open to new experiences.” (Walsh 2010 p 39) In addition to the belief in self-actualization, PCT demands a clinician demonstrate empathy, unconditional positive regard and congruence or genuineness when working with clients. (Walsh 2010 p41) A clinician utilizing PCT must be highly aware of their own responses and personal beliefs when engaging with a client, so as not to dissuade or influence the client with their own values or goals and allow clients to reach their own
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