Person Centered Therapy

1170 WordsSep 27, 20125 Pages
Person-Centered Therapy HISTORY OF PERSON-CENTERED THERAPY Person-centered therapy is very much embodied in the work of Carl Rogers. He is mainly responsible for the development of person-centered therapy. His focus on the importance of the client-counselor relationship has had an influence on both theorists and practitioners. The following chart describes the personal and professional development of Carl Rogers. As he changed and developed, so did person-centered therapy. PERSONAL DEVELOPMENT AND POSITIONS PROFESSIONAL INFLUENCES Developmental Stage Born in 1902 in a suburb of Chicago Fourth of six children' Religious fundamental upbringing Adolescent interest in agriculture Early career goal: the ministry Graduated from the…show more content…
GOALS OF PERSON-CENTERED THERAPY As the terms "client-centered" and "person-centered" imply, the goals of therapy come from the client. The therapist often helps the client to articulate the goals. Goals typically are consistent with helping an individual become a fully functioning person. ASSESSMENT IN PERSON-CENTERED THERAPY Inventories and tests are not a part of person-centered counseling. In some cases, tests or inventories may be used in career counseling. Assessment is a part of the therapeutic relationship with the client. NECESSARY AND SUFFICIENT CONDITIONS FOR CHANGE Rogers believed that therapeutic change could result if six conditions were met. These conditions form the essence of his approach to therapy. 1. Psychological contact A relationship must exist so that two people may have impact on each other. 2. Incongruence For change to take place, a client must be in a state of psychological vulnerability. There is a discrepancy between individuals' views of themselves and their actual experience. Included would be depression, anxiety, or a wide variety of problems. Although individuals may not be aware at first of their incongruence or vulnerability, they will become aware if therapy continues. 3. Congruence and genuineness Therapists are aware of themselves. They are aware of their feelings. their experiences as they relate to the client, and their general reaction to the client. Therapists are

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