Person Centered Therapy and Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Post Traumatic Stress Disorder

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Carl Roger’s believed that everyone is inherently good. Therefore, even the vilest of people would be included. Some disputes have been made among behavior theorists that because the theory lacks structure, it is not as effective in treating illness. However, it is one of the main theories utilized by therapists today. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy is another popular theory that is used. It emphasizes the present and fixing cognitive distortions that clients may have. However, it too received some arguments against it, such as; treating symptoms and not the underlying cause of an illness. The theories that will be discussed are Carl Roger’s theory of Person Centered Therapy, Aaron Beck’s Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) and how they would …show more content…
He also believed that the need for defense mechanisms stems from childhood (Rogers, 1962).
Children are taught conditional positive regard. When parents need to correct a child’s behavior, love is usually withheld. They are taught to hide faults and weaknesses rather than accepting them. However, through unconditional positive regard individuals may know that they are loved unconditionally. “By acceptance I mean a warm regard for him as a person of unconditional self- worth- of value no matter what his condition, his behavior, or his feelings (Rogers, 1961).” Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) addresses maladaptive thinking and feelings in individuals. It was originally developed to treat depression and anxiety but is now used for many different disorders. It is a very effective type of therapy because it is time limited. The amount of sessions is usually between four and fourteen. CBT focuses on schemas or core beliefs which are usually negative thoughts like “I’m worthless” or “I’m not loveable” (Beck, 1970).
In order to treat cognitive distortions the negative thoughts need to be addressed. First, the individual needs to “recognize idiosyncratic cognitions”. Next, they will need to “distance” themselves in order to be objective. Lastly, they may “correct cognitive distortions and deficiencies” by identifying what type of faulty thinking they may engage in The different types of faulty thinking are; arbitrary inference,
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