Person Centred Care : Report For The Nsw Minister For Health Essay

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Person-Centred Care: Report for the NSW Minister for Health
Australians continue to experience health comparable to those of other developed countries. According to the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare [AIHW] (2016) the life expectancy of Australians at birth remains one of the highest in the world. Furthermore, death rates are decreasing and survival rates are improving for many major health issues such as cancer and cardiovascular diseases (AIHW, 2016). Yet, the Australian health care data has shown that improvements can be made in health care.
Traditionally, health care was grounded on a paternalistic model where healthcare professionals were viewed as the experts in the field and directed decisions for patient, and patients were passive recipients of care (Gluyas, 2015; Mazurenko et al., 2015). In recent decades, the worldwide recognition of individual patients’ needs and preferences as an important aspect of high-quality healthcare that is responsive to the patient, has stemmed the concept of patient-centred care (Australian Commission on Safety and Quality in Health Care [ACSQHC], 2011).
In 2001, the US Institute of Medicine’s seminal report, ‘Crossing the Quality Chasm: A New Health System for the 21st Century’, recommended six goals for improvement in healthcare, with one focusing on patient-centred care (Institute of Medicine [IOM], 2011). Furthermore, various international organisations, such as the Institute for Patient- and Family-

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