Person Centred Counselling

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“Person-Centred” Counselling

Person-centred counselling is a form of therapy which allows the client to be at the core of their own therapy and make their own goals. For the person-centred approach to be effective a relationship built on trust must be formed between the counsellor and the individual. This essay will explore the theoretical ideas and practice skills of person centred counselling.

Key figure (Founder) and Major Focus
Carl Rogers (1902-1987), an American psychologist was the key figure in developing person-centred counselling. Rogers was born into a strict religious family and he was the fourth born of six children. Although Rogers (1961) recalls his childhood at times to be particularly lonely he claims his family
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Applying these three characteristics to counselling will enable the individual to move away from conditions of worth that have been placed upon them and help them become fully functioning people with optimal emotional health (Seligman, 2006).

Therapeutic goals
The main aim of person-centred counselling is for the client to achieve greater independence and integration (Corey, 2013:179). Therefore, the focal point should always be on the client not on the person’s existing problem, as this approach allows the individual to manage their own lives and make every effort towards self- actualisation (Corey, 2013: 179). Rogers believed that taking away the facades that people have put up around them due to socialisation will lead to actualisation. An example of a facade that a person may have put up could be that the individual believes that they are not worthy of love because of what they have been told all of their lives, in turn they may actually act in ways that make it difficult for people to love them, but as they actualise they will see positive characteristics in themselves and show themselves in a more positive light. Four characteristics were observed by Rogers (1961) that show clients becoming actualised, they are trusting in themselves, an internal source of evaluation, openness to new experiences and willingness for continued growth. Person-centred counselling should maintain the goal of empowering the client to change their own life and in doing so promote
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