Person Centred Counselling Theory and Practice Essay

3485 WordsJun 2, 201114 Pages
DIPLOMA IN COUNSELLING Person Centred Counselling Theory and Practice 3,000 Word Assignment Person Centred Theory and Practice Assumes: It is Necessary that Two People are in Psychological Contact. This assignment introduces some of the Rogerian fundamental principles of person-centred personality theory, thus forming backdrop for the consideration of the three core-conditions required for successful therapeutic alliance. The main thrust of the assignment looks at the first of the six preconditions for personality change, i.e. ‘two persons are in psychological contact’. A number of observations are provided that were demonstrated in a recent seminar presentation that can guide the counsellor towards some recognition of the…show more content…
Two persons are in psychological contact. 2. The first, whom we shall term the client, is in a state of incongruence, being vulnerable and anxious. 3. The second person, whom we shall term the therapist, is congruent or integrated in the relationship. 4. The therapist experiences unconditional positive regard for the client. 5. The therapist experiences an empathic understanding of the client’s internal frame of reference and endeavours to communicate this to the client. 6. The communication to the client of the therapist’s empathic understanding and unconditional positive regard is to a minimal extent achieved. No other conditions are necessary. If these six conditions exist, and continue over time, this is sufficient. The process of constructive personality change will follow (Rogers, 1957 p 95). This prescription for therapeutic relationship and growth was recognised by Rogers as having three experiential component parts. These three central dimensions or ‘core conditions’ are described as congruence, unconditional positive regard and empathy. Congruence is a reference to the therapist’s capacity to be genuine, honest and real and avoiding the need to act as an expert or demonstrate pretence of superiority. Rogers used the word transparent for those enacting true congruence. Unconditional positive regard expresses the respect, valuing or prizing the counsellor feels for the client, and is not conditional on the client’s
Open Document