Essay about Person Environment -Correspondence Counseling

2723 Words Apr 15th, 2012 11 Pages
Person-Environment-Correspondence Counseling
Freya Cooper-Richardson
Troy University-Phenix City
Vocational Psychology and Career Development
PSY 6635
Dr. Thomas Peavy
April 01, 2011

Person-Environment-Correspondence Counseling The concept of person-environment fit (P-E fit) is central to research in organizational behavior, organizational psychology, and human resource management (Dawis & Lofquist, 1984; Edwards, Caplan, & Harrison, 1998; Holland, 1997; Kristof, 1996; Walsh, Craik & Price, 2000). P-E fit has been examined in reference to various person and environment constructs, such as employee needs and work- related rewards (Dawis, 1992; Edwards & Harrison, 1993; Rice, McFarlin, & Bennett, 1989), employee abilities
…show more content…
Second, a different number of matching criteria is used in each approach: six in Holland’s theory (or eight in Roe’s, 1956) and 20 in the Theory of Work Adjustment. Third, each approach is especially useful at a different stage of the career development process (Osipow, 1990): Interest theories have typically been applied in the context of counseling and during the career decision-making process, in which the individual has to choose an occupation that fits him or her best, whereas the Theory of Work Adjustment has been typically applied to the workplace itself, that is in choosing and adjusting to a specific job (Gati et al. 1996). The orientation of the Theory of Work Adjustment toward specific jobs is reflected in the inclusion of characteristics such as coworkers, supervisors, and company policies and practices, which cannot typically be considered during the decision-making process about what occupation or training course to select (Gati et al. 1996). A reading of the P-O fit literature indicates that, in the course of its history, this literature initially focused more on organizational-level outcomes, such as organizational structure, culture, and effectiveness (Schneider et al., 2001), and later focused on the
Open Document