Personal Space And Threat Threshold

2014 Words Nov 12th, 2014 9 Pages
Theory Summary According to Judgee Burgoon’s Expectancy Violation Theory, violating non-verbal expectancies, under certain conditions, can be more passive then conforming (Garard class-notes). This theory is applied to when an individual’s personal space and threat threshold is violated. Burgoon defines personal space as, “ the invisible, variable volume of space surrounding an individual that defines that individual’s preferred distance from others” (Griffin 2012). The size and shape of our personal space can be made by how people define their own cultural norms and with what people actually prefer. “ Our space always reflects a compromise between the conflicting approach-avoidance needs that we as humans have for affiliation and privacy” (Griffin 2012). Burgoon didn’t originally make the idea of personal space. Edward Hall used the term proxemics to refer to the study of people’s personal space. Proxemics is “the study of people’s use of space as a special elaboration of culture” (Griffin 2012). Hall states that Americans have four different proxemics zones. The four-proxemics zones are intimate distance: zero to eighteen inches, personal distance: eighteen inches to four feet, social distance four to twelve feet and public distance twelve to twenty-five feet (Griffin 2012). Hall’s research was based on North American norms and behaviors (Garard class-notes). Hall strongly suggested that in order to be effective, “we learn to adjust our nonverbal behavior to conform to…
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