Personality Disorders Are Pervasive And Enduring Patterns Of Thoughts And Behaviors

2884 Words May 5th, 2015 12 Pages
Personality Disorders are pervasive and enduring patterns of thoughts and behaviors that deviate significantly from the expectations of a person’s culture (American Psychiatric Association, 2013). The inner experiences or behaviors are expressed in at least two of the following areas: Cognition, affectivity, interpersonal functioning, or impulse control. These patterns are inflexible and stable over time, cause significant impairment or distress, and have an onset typically occurring in adolescence or early adulthood. The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual – 5th Edition (DSM-5) includes ten specific personality disorders, classified into three clusters based on similar characteristics (APA, 2013). Cluster A disorders exhibit odd or strange characteristics and include Paranoid, Schizoid, and Schizotypal personality disorders. Cluster B disorders encompass wild or dramatic qualities and include Antisocial, Borderline, Histrionic, and Narcissistic personality disorders. Lastly, Cluster C disorders express anxious or worried features and include Avoidant, Dependent, and Obsessive-Compulsive personality disorders. Due to the breadth and comprehensiveness of personality disorders, this review with concentrate on the treatment of Cluster B disorders, specifically Borderline Personality Disorder.
Psychopathology of Borderline Personality Disorder According to the DSM-5 (APA, 2013), Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) is a persistent pattern of instability in interpersonal…
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