Personality Psychology : Social Relationships And Childhood Experiences

1916 Words Mar 13th, 2015 8 Pages
Personality psychology aims to describe what the key features of personality are as a means to explain why people exhibit differences in their personality. This can, in turn, be used to examine the relationship between personality and the actions and behaviours of individuals. The focus of this paper is the analysis of Steve’s case based on his behaviour, social relationships and childhood experiences. Four theories are considered in the analysis of Steve’s personality and how it affects the way he forms relationships. Freud’s topographical model is used to describe why Steve’s behaviour is sex driven. Horney’s personality development and anxiety concepts are used to explain Steve’s fixation with sex and to determine the origin of his disturbed interpersonal relationships. Finally, Ainsworth and Bowlby’s attachment theory is used examine how the parent-child relationship influences personality as well as how expectations about relationships are formed based on experiences with parents.
Topographical model
Freud’s psychoanalytical approach emphasized the unconscious workings of the mind when explaining human behavior. Freud divided personality into three areas: conscious, preconscious, and unconscious. This became the topographical model. He explained that the conscious portion is made up of the thoughts a person is aware of. The preconscious portion is made of accessible and retrievable information, and the unconscious is made up of information that has no immediate…
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