Personality Traits

2403 WordsJan 7, 201410 Pages
In psychology, personality traits could be explained from many aspects, and one of them describes personality traits as categorizations of people’s particular characteristics (Burger, 1997) while others hold opposite ideas that personalities are more unique and different for each individual depending on his or her peculiar life experience. The former idea relates itself to nomothetic approach, which is a quantitative approach that studies personalities that people share in common to find out a general law that applies to everyone. The nomothetic approach suggests that people show universal traits and that personality traits are consistent within humans. Gordan Allport first brought up this approach to understand personality in 1930s, and…show more content…
(Rasmussen, Scheier, & Greenhouse, 2009; Scheier & Carver, 1992; Scheier, Carver, & Bridges, 2001). It is commonly accepted that optimism is related to the Neuroticism factor and Extraversion factor of the Big Five model and many researches have been done concerning this, however, there seems to be significant correlations between optimism and other major factors. (Sharpe, Martin & Roth, 2011) In this study, there were five groups of sample participants. The study used seven instruments (Life Orientation Test; Worldview Personality Inventory Optimism–Pessimism Scale; International Personality Item Pool Optimism Scale; The Revised NEO Personality Inventory; NEO Five-Factor Inventory; Big-Five Factor Markers; Ten Item Personality Inventory). Data from multiple samples were examined, especially the ones of Agreeableness, Conscientiousness, and Openness in the prediction of optimism. Results of the study clearly indicated that there are multiple relationships between optimism and the Big Five personality traits. The relationships were positively strong between optimism and four of the Big Five factors: Emotional Stability, Extraversion, Agreeableness, and Conscientiousness (Sharpe, Martin & Roth, 2011). There is another study showing similar results. The study found that four different measures of optimism had modest positive correlations with Extraversion, Agreeableness, and Conscientiousness
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