Perspectives On Moral Reasoning And All Of Them

920 Words4 Pages
There are four main perspectives on moral reasoning and all of them have their positive and negative sides. In the article The Basic Stances of Metaethics the authors define each of the main perspectives on moral reasoning, objectivism, cultural relativism, subjective relativism, and emotivism, and they leave the reader with a good understanding of each of them. In this essay I am going to outline the central arguments of each perspective and give positive and negative critiques. Objectivism is the view that some moral principles are universally binding to all people, despite of cultural or religious differences. Objectivism supports that some moral principles have to be followed by all people and with no exceptions. Objectivism can have some good and negative sides to it since it can help have some universal rules to protect or try to protect all people. For example, in some cultures it is acceptable and encouraged for women who “disrespect” their family to be stoned to death in a public space. This practice is very extreme and it kills a person, is it okay to kill someone because they are disrespecting their family by marrying who they want? This is where I agree with objectivism, no matter what your culture is it shouldn’t be acceptable to stone someone to death. Objectivism allows people to actually understand moral principles and have rational choice, it is developmental meaning that it can change as we grow older and it depends on our education, it depends on what
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