Persuasive Essay On Organ Abuse

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The U.S Congress passed The National Organ Transplant Act of 1984, to fix the national organ donation shortage and improve the organ donation process. The act has since established the Organ and Transplantation Network (OPTN) to maintain a national registry for organ matching. In the United States, there are around 75,000 people on the active waiting list for organs, with only about 8,000 decreased donors each year (CDC, 2017). Thus, living donors are extremely important and provide around 6,000 organs each year (CDC, 2017). A maximum-security prison works in collaboration with an academic medical center to give monetary incentive and parole incentives to prisoners if they donate organs and blood. For the academic medical center the prison is a great resource to increase organ donations, and for the prison to teach inmates good deeds. However, monetary incentives for prisons is unethical and a problem from a legal standpoint.
The National Organ Transplant Act (Public Law 98-507) makes it illegal to sell human organs and tissues in the United States (U.S Department of Health and Human Services, 2017). Violators are subject to fines and imprisonment. Congress made this law to ensure wealthy individuals do not have an unfair advantage for receiving an organ donation. Some illegal organ trafficking does occur; the World Health Organization estimates about one-fifth of all kidney donation may not be legally donated (Troug, 2005). Paying for an organ is an unjust moral pressure for the donor. In contrast to the law, some argue in favor of allowing organs to be sold for monetary incentive to increase the supply of organs to meet the high demand. This is an example of utilitarianism ethics, as the ends of giving lives from donating organs justify the means of paying for the organ. Furthermore, organs are being sold in other places of the world. For example, in India, individuals sell their kidneys for $700, and in Bombay, there have been kidnapping cases where people are killed for they organs (Troug, 2005).
In my opinion, prisoners are donating organs for all the wrong reasons to receive an incentive, not for a morally good deed. There can be a lot of medical complications and mental/physical health problems
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