Pest Analysis

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INTRODUCTION
This chapter identifies the main external influences on the UK market for private security and fire protection, using the four headings of a PEST analysis: political, economic, social and technological.
Where such influences have more than one dimension, they are considered under the heading that is considered to be the most relevant.
POLITICAL FACTORS
The Terrorist Threat
Precautions against terrorist attacks have been stepped up since the events of 11th September 2001, and there is strong demand for security services and equipment in the public sector. The UK, and especially London, has been on a high level of alert since the war in Iraq. Some of the UK 's export customers are also concerned about the threat from
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The concept of Neighbourhood Wardens has been judged successful by the Office of the Deputy Prime Minister
Neighbourhood Renewal Unit, which is helping to finance some of the schemes between 2000 and 2005.
Neighbourhood Wardens provide a uniformed, semi-official presence in residential areas, with the aim of improving the local quality of life. They can provide community safety and assist with environmental improvements and housing management. Street Wardens are similar to Neighbourhood
Wardens, but they have a greater emphasis on environmental problems, such as litter, graffiti and dog fouling. Their role is also to deter anti-social behaviour, to reduce the fear of crime and to foster social inclusion.
Minimum Wage and Working Time Legislation
The National Minimum Wage was introduced in April 1999, and a European
Directive on working hours and holidays came into force in October 1998.
The UK was able to introduce a voluntary opt-out of the 48-hour week, but the UK regulations are to be tightened and opinions seem to be divided as to whether this is to the long-term benefit or detriment of the guarding sector.
Outsourcing of Police and Public-Sector Security Work
A growing proportion of police and public-sector security work is being outsourced to private security firms, and this `civilianisation ' is expected to continue. Private firms already have a well-established role in the operation of private prisons, the monitoring of tagged

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