Pesticide Pollution

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Fertilizer and pesticide usage has increased dramatically worldwide, especially in China. Twenty years of uncontrolled economic development have created serious, chronic air and water pollution. In order to support China’s growing population, the country has drastically increased its usage of fertilizers and pesticides in the agricultural sector. China consumes around a third of global fertilizers, with rapid growth in use in recent years, driven largely by higher fruit and vegetable production. Excessive use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides threatens both public health and agricultural productivity. Many farmers choose to use chemicals to keep weeds and pests from destroying their crops while adding more nutrients to the soil. Yet such benefits do not come without environmental costs--namely the pesticide pollution of China’s streams, rivers, lakes, and even coastal areas, as these toxic chemicals runoff into nearby waterways, contaminating the food, drinking water causing massive health problems.

While fertilizers and pesticides, as stated above, provide economic benefits for the farmers in terms of increasing yields; but also provide adverse impacts. These impacts on the environment are called “negative externalities.” According to researchers, “not many measures are being taken in order to enforce safe, organic, and healthy fertilization. If a good has a negative externality, then the cost to society is greater than the cost consumer is paying for it.” Since
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