Peter I ( The Great ) Became Tsar Of Russia

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Peter I (the Great) became Tsar of Russia in 1682 and instituted many comprehensive reforms designed to modernize and develop Russia during his reign. In The Revolution of Peter the Great, James Cracraft’s portrays the Tsar as an ambitious and pivotal leader that sought to create a modern and powerful nation that could compete with other European Powers. Peter planned to reform Russian government by establishing new bureaucratic, civil, and educational institutions within the state. Peter also promoted reforms for Russian traditions, society, and the church. Cracraft contends that following the defeat by Swedish forces at the Battle of Narva in 1700, Peter understood the necessity for the creation of a Russian navy and the modernization of…show more content…
Cracraft describes the naval creation as the “Petrine Naval Revolution” (48). Cracraft rightful insists “the navy bought Peter and then Russia, into Europe and the modern world” (53). The Anglo-Russian trade transformed St. Petersburg into the largest and most important port for commerce. Russian foreign trade increased fifteen-fold from Peter’s era until the end of the eighteenth century (47). Russia assured her future by the continual operations of the fleet,” and establishment of the St. Petersburg Naval Academy (48). The academy was the first higher technical education center in Russia. The founding of the Academy represented the Tsar’s dedication to improve the absence of an educational system in Russia. For Peter, this was an essential first step. Peter forced his views and opinions regarding education on society as a way to develop a new attitude towards education. He severed tradition by the compulsory education of children of the nobility and government officials. Peter also sent students abroad with specific instructions concerning their educational process in order to fulfill the demands of the emerging Russian system and structure. Peter’s secularization of the church and the schools that religion managed gave him direct control of how the church functioned, and was a method of change to ensure certain characteristics of its educational system adhere to his reforms. Peter altered legislation and released the patriarchal

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