Peter Singer Animal Rights Analysis

Decent Essays
Ethics of Animal Experimentation
In the debate over animal rights concerning the ethics of animal experimentation, the moral question lies in the relationship between humans and non-humans. Western philosophers regard humans as superior over animals. The philosopher Aristotle believed humans can reason and have a rational soul. Non-humans, on the other hand, lack awareness, consciousness, feel no pain, and can be exploited. (Vaughn, 2016)
In the 20th century much progress has been made towards human rights and animal rights. Humans seek equality between the male and female sexes, religion, and ethnicity. On the animal rights side, philosophers such as Peter Singer in his book “Animal Liberation”, point out that animals deserve equal consideration with regard to suffering. Singer uses the term “speciesism” to describe the discrimination of non-humans based on species (1990). He argues that it is morally wrong to knowingly
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In the Buddhist religion, “pratityasamutpada” means the realization that there is no difference between the self and others, that this self is one with others, and one should treat others as one would want to be treated (Brannigan, 2010. p. 70). Buddhism, thus declares that all living beings should have equal status. This thinking entails that animals should be equal in status to humans.
According to Brannigan (2010, pp. 65-70), a Buddhist has to live by four distinct virtues to pave the path to “pratityasamutpada”: “compassion (karuna)”, “lovingkindness (metta)”, “sympathetic joy (mudita)”, and “impartiality (upekkha)”.
The second concept of Buddhism is embedded in the doctrine of cyclic rebirth until one reaches the final stage of nirvana (Szűcs, Geers, Jezierski, Sossidou, Broom, 2012). In breaking the cycle of rebirth, a Buddhist has finally mastered the four distinct virtues of
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