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Pglo Plasmid Experiment

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Abstract
The pGLO plasmid is engineered to express green fluorescent protein (GFP) in the presence of the sugar arabinose as well as the ampicillin resistance gene β-lactamase (bla) (Brown, 2011). Original E. coli HB101 do not have ampicillin resistance or the GFP gene allowing them to glow under UV light. In this experiment, we transformed E. coli HB101 with the pGLO plasmid by heat shock to make the bacterial cells competent, allowing the plasmid to enter the cell (Brown, 2011). The mixture of bacteria with pGLO plasmid were given recovery time after heat shock, then spread on LB/amp and LB/amp/ara agar plates. The bacteria mixture with no plasmid added were spread on LB and LB/amp agar plates and all four plates were incubated at 37°C for
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134). They are loops of DNA that are separate from the chromosomal DNA and can self-replicate in a cell, found mostly in bacteria (Brown, 2011; Addgene, 2015). Lederberg and William Hayes discovered that plasmids were being transferred from one cell to another, not the chromosomal DNA (Brown, 2011, p. 135). This discovery lead to plasmids being an essential tool for scientists. Scientists can engineer plasmids to have specific genes to introduce into new cells (Brown, 2011, p. 134). On a plasmid loop there will be an origin of replication (ORI) and a multiple cloning site (MCS) where the gene of interest is inserted (Bio-Rad, 2015). This region has specific restriction enzyme recognition sites, which are cut by the enzymes to open up the DNA where the new gene will be inserted (Jove Science Education Database, 2015). Most plasmids will also contain an antibiotic resistance gene allowing cell survival in environments containing antibiotics (Jove Science Education Database, 2015).
The GFP gene is normally isolated from the jellyfish Aequorea victoria, allowing it to fluoresce with the absorption of ultraviolet light (Goodsell, 2003). This gene is inserted into a region of a plasmid to be regulated by an operon (Brown, 2011). In the plasmid, GFP is normally repressed but when arabinose is present, it will induce the gene to make enzymes able to digest the arabinose, and once there is no more arabinose,
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E. coli HB101 was transformed with pGLO plasmid then grown on media containing ampicillin and/or arabinose and on medium containing neither (Brown, 2011). This is done for selection of transformed cells since not all cells are expected to take up the plasmid (Brown, 2011). We also expect roughly the same CFU on any plate(s) receiving samples from the same microcentrifuge tube, since they are getting the exact same
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