Pharmacological And Ethnobotanical Review Of Aristolochia Bracteolata L

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Pharmacological and Ethnobotanical review of Aristolochia bracteolata L. (Aristolochiaceae)
M. B. Patil Department of Botany, J.E.S’s, Arts, Science and Commerce College, Nandurbar

Abstract The present study deals with review of pharmacological and ethnobotanical uses of Aristolochia bracteolata L. from family Aristolochiaceae is commonly known as Kida-mari, Gidan-pala. The plant has been used widely by traditional practitioners for the treatment of various diseases in in Indian subcontinent in the traditional system of medicine to treat cholera, fever, bowel troubles, ulcers, leprosy, skin diseases, menstrual problems and snakebites. The plant is also used as emmenagogue, abortifacient, antineoplastic, antiseptic, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, antipyretic, antifertility and antispermatogenic agent. Aristolochic acid, a major active constituent of the plant is reported to cause cancer, nephropathy, sister chromatid exchange and is a potent abortifacient. Aristolochia species are also used in China, Philippines, Cuba, Nigeria, East and West Africa, Caribbean island, and sub tropical countries as a folk medicine to treat eczema, rheumatic pain, stomachic, earache, syphilis and gonorrhea. The plants also used in the treatment of domestic animals. The present review deals with the different scientific studies and reports available in different aspects of this plant in the areas of Morphology, Phytochemistry, Pharmacology,
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