Pharmacology: Food and Drug Administration and Prescription Drug

837 WordsOct 16, 20134 Pages
PHARMACOLOGY AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION MED 1150 CHAPTER 1- Questions: 1, 2,3,4,7,10,11,13,14,15,16,18 CHAPTER REVIEW PAGE 18-20 QUIZ YOUR SELF 1. Describe the linguistic origin/etiology of the following words * Pharmacology: The study of drugs and the interactions with living tissue. * Origin of Pharmacology: Greek word pharmakon meaning medicine or drug * Drug: Any nonfood chemical substance that affect the mind and body. * Origin of Drug: Dutch word droog meaning dry for dried herbs and plants that were the 1st medicine. * Medicine: A drug administered for preventative, diagnostic, or therapeutic agent. * Origin for Medicine: Latin word for drug is medicina meaning medicine or medication…show more content…
Examples: * Antibiotic drugs to kill bacteria and cure an infection * Analgesic drugs to control the pain and inflammation of arthritis * Insulin to treat diabetes 4. Give the meaning of and describe the linguistic origin of RX. *The symbol RX comes from the Latin word recipe meaning take, which indicates a prescription, the combining of ingredients to form a drug. Some ingredients had the value but others were worthless or actually harmful. 7. Name three ancient “medicines” that seem silly or outrageous to us today. * Spider webs * Dirt, * Sour Milk 10. Describe the social and consumer safety circumstances that led to the passage of each a. The Food and Drugs Act of 1906: This worthless, mislabeled and dangerous drugs led to 1st drug laws with an accurate labeling law added in 1912 b. The Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act of 1938: Sulfonamide tested for flavor and fragrance but not safety, children died and 350 more were poisoned. This act made it so the sale of unsafe drugs could be stopped, that toxic drugs could be seized, and the burden of proof was given to the manufactures to show data of safety experiments. c. Kefauver-Harris Amendment of 1962: Thalidomide used for morning sickness in West Germany which led to 8000 deformed baby limbs. The USA refused to approve. The Act tighten control on new and prescription drugs, while drugs had to be shown

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