Phenomenology used in Qualitative Research

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Phenomenology used in Qualitative Research Many phenomenological methodologies have been developed and used by qualitative researchers to review individuals’ experiences. Phenomenology for organizational research, descriptive phenomenological method, hermeneutic phenomenology, interpretive phenomenology, and interpretative phenomenological analysis are the five popular phenomenological methodologies in qualitative inquiry. Phenomenology for organizational research. Phenomenology for organizational research was presented by Patricia Sanders in 1982. It is one of the most popular phenomenological approaches to organize quality research. Sanders (1982) pointed out that phenomenology for organizational research was a research technique that sought to ‘‘make explicit the implicit structure and meaning of human experiences’’ (p. 354). Kram and Isabella (1985) used phenomenology for organizational research in their pioneering research: "Mentoring Alternatives: The Role of Peer Relationships in Career Development" to inform their data analysis. Descriptive phenomenological method. As a thoroughly developed phenomenology, the descriptive phenomenological method was first presented by Amedeo Giorgi in 1985. On the basis of Husserl’s phenomenological philosophy, Giorgi (1997) created the descriptive phenomenological method, which is a psychological phenomenology to provide rigorous guidelines for quality research. To found a particular psychological phenomenon was the aim of
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