Philippine Literature

1635 Words Aug 3rd, 2013 7 Pages
Literature Under the Republic (1946-1985)
The Japanese occupation leaves the Philippine economy in ruins and it seemed that massive foreign aid could rebuild it. With the life of the Filipinos hanging in the balance because of hunger, insecurity and terror. Many Filipinos resorted to collaborating with the Japanese for reasons such as politics, survival and opportunity.

After the Pacific War ended, collaborators were given amnesty by President Manual Roxas. The amnesty was a result of the US colonialisms decision to hush up the issue on collaboration. This in turn put the Filipino ruling elite’s credibility at stake because ambiguities and irregularities that was not resolved. The US colonialist also linked the issue of collaboration
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Mga Ibong Mandaragit. (1960) – talks about American domination of the Philippines, morally bankrupt religious leaders and corrupt bureucrats.
Lázaro Francisco (1898-1980) – Bayang Nagpatiwakal(1923), Ilaw sa Hilaga (1948), Maganda pa ang Daigdig (1956), Daluyong(1962)
Constante Casabar (1929- ) – Dagiti Mariign iti Parbangon (1957)
Alberto Florentino (1931- ) – The World is an Apple and Other Prized Plays (1959)
Alejandro Abadilla (1904-1969) – Piniling Tula ni AGA (1965), 25 Pinakamabubuting Maikling Kwento ng 1443 (1944)
Macario Pineda (1912-1950) –
Genoveva Edroza-Matute (1915- ) – Ako’y Isang Tinig (1952)

Existentialism and the Search for Identity.

When President Ramon Magsaysay died of a plan crash in Cebu, this provoked an intellectual crisis. Claro M. Recto criticized President Ramon Magsaysay for being submissive to the US, with the death of Ramon Magsaysay; the country was under confusion and the people beginning to ask Recto for some answers that would shed some light regarding the country’s political philosophy. However Recto was not able to finish what he started because he dies in Rome of a heart attack. With Recto’s death, the cultural scene in the Philippines became an extension of the US; many major publications in New York were brought to the Manila. Literary works included were poetry, fiction and drama, the latest literary fads in the west spread like wildfire. Some of the creative writers whose works
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