Philosopher - Immanuel Kant

2227 Words Mar 18th, 2013 9 Pages
Immanuel Kant
A Famous Philosopher

10/21/2012
Kelley Huttar

Immanuel Kant (1724 – 1804):
Immanuel Kant was a modern day German deontologist from Prussia and became one of history’s most famous Philosophers. A deontologist is someone who believes in acts that are strictly right or wrong. Kant was an influential thinker and one of the last philosophers of the Enlightenment era. However his work in epistemology (the study of knowledge) and theology (the study of religion) are still influential to current philosophers of our time. He was also known for his beliefs in ethics and his knowledge in astronomy.
Kant was an independent person, meaning he did not let others influence his way of thought. He created his own moral
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An example of this would be our duty as humans to tell the truth, this would be considered a perfect duty. Lying on the other hand would be considered an imperfect duty, because no one benefits from lying. (Kristina)
The categorical imperative has different formulations; however there are three famous formulations per my readings. The first is “act only according to that maxim whereby you can at the same time will that it should become a universal law”. This is describing an action based on perfect duty and imperfect duty. A perfect duty is an action that would be blameworthy if the duty was not met and imperfect duty would be an action that would not be considered blameworthy if not met because you made the attempt for the better good of the universe and should be praised for taking on this action on your own. An example of this is a police officer who is killed in the line of duty, he cannot be blamed for not completing his duties as an officer because he died while doing his job; however the officer will be praised and honored by his family and peers for doing his duty as an officer and doing his best to uphold the law. (Driver, 2006).
The second is “Act in such a way that you treat humanity, whether in your own person in the person of another, always at the same time as an end and never simply as a means”. This formulation is based…