Philosophical And Ideological Perspectives In Education Essay examples

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Philosophical And Ideological Perspectives In Education Introduction The Second Edition of Philosophical and Ideological Perspectives in Education continue to examine the major schools of philosophy of education through the systems approach. It also considers the relationship of education to major ideologies such as Liberalism, Conservativism, and Marxism. It analyzes the impact of philosophy and ideology on educational theory and practice by examining such theories as Essentialism, Perennialism, Progressivism, and Social Reconstructionism. Although concentrating on the philosophy of education, it introduces educational ideas. First, it examines the major philosophical systems and ideologies that have shaped educational thought and…show more content…
In addition to the historical overviews, the philosophical roots of each of the ideologies are explored. In both of the overviews of philosophy and ideology, particular attention is given to the educational implications of each of these perspectives. Finally, the book concludes with descriptions of specific theories of education, including essentialism, perennialism, progressivism, social reconstruction, and critical theory. Again, these theories are traced back to their philosophical and ideological roots. In addition, current manifestations of each of the educational theories are offered. The book is especially valuable for scholars of education. It is also useful for anyone who wants a concise overview and comparison of different approaches to philosophy and political ideology. (http://www.world literature.com/Philosophical_and_Ideological_Perspectives_on_Education_2nd_Edition_020526106X.html) The Rise of Naturalism Naturalism has infected higher education. Horace Mann was called the "father of the American public school" and John Dewey the "father of American progressive education. Dewey was an evolutionary pantheistic humanist, (Morris 1983 p. 223) and helped steer education away from God as naturalism spread downward into public schools. Asa Gray, a Harvard professor of botany, encouraged Darwin in a series of letters during its writing (Taylor p.131). In 1860, he became Darwin's promoter, ambassador and apostle in the

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