Limited Knowledge, truth (or revelation), reality, and idealism are some of the common themes expressed in Plato’s Allegory of the Cave and the film “The Truman Show.” The differences can be found in the way Plato allows some of the prisoners to remain unknowing, by giving them an almost fear-like stance involving the truth of their world, and how to free themselves. Another is that the “false” world is created on different premises, either to create a safe an ideal environment, or merely to only allow the characters to think their world is ideal (both treat those involved like a science experiment). Both of these stories, however, have a similar plot in that they keep the subjects having very limited
The Allegory of the Cave, also know as The Analogy of the Cave, Plato's Cave or Parable of the Cave is presented by the Greek philosopher Plato in his work “The Republic “ as a theory concerning the perceptions of human kind and compares the effects of education to the lack of education on our observations. The passage is written as dialogue between Plato’s brother Glaucon and his teacher Socrates.
When Truman does not walk into his workplace the show’s audience respond with excitement and a sense of pride. High angle tracking shots are used as cameras follow Truman and his every step, unable to anticipate his next move. The reverse shot in the side mirror of a car closely follow Truman and as several people obstruct the view it appears as if Truman is trying to get away and disappear from the scrutiny of the cameras. Truman tentatively surveys the area and for the first time listens to conversations around him. Close up shots of several conversations position the audience to also question those around Truman. These techniques used position the audience to respond with enthusiasm and delight towards Truman and his suspicions about the world he lives in. It is no longer seen as perfect.
The Republic is considered to be one of Plato’s most storied legacies. Plato recorded many different philosophical ideals in his writings. Addressing a wide variety of topics from justice in book one, to knowledge, enlightenment, and the senses as he does in book seven. In his seventh book, when discussing the concept of knowledge, he is virtually addressing the cliché “seeing is believing”, while attempting to validate the roots of our knowledge. By his use of philosophical themes, Plato is able to further his points on enlightenment, knowledge, and education. In this allegory, the depictions of humans as they are chained, their only knowledge of the world is what is seen inside the cave. Plato considers what would happen to people
Moreover, “The Allegory of the Cave” by Plato illustrates a civilization of physically restricted prisoners. Creating a setting in which underground prisoners are only exposed to a wall, its shadows (whom they see as beings), and the people around them, Plato displays a society of ignorant people who only know what they are able to physically see and experience every single day. However, once liberated by other freed people, these prisoners are able to attain knowledge more easily, and slowly, their individual truths become closer to reality. Despite initially being perplexed and irritated with the realization that what they saw and knew as prisoners is not the actuality of how things are, they, consequently, gain the ability to understand more about the world with their newfound knowledge. Thus, the freed people attempt to free the other prisoners from their chains, and expose them
The film, The Truman Show (1998) is about the man named Truman Burbank, a first child who is legally adopted legally by the broadcasting company and been unknowingly publicizing his entire life as an entertaining show to the whole world. Although he lives in the world where everything is manipulated, at least for him, he is just like a normal man with own family, friends, and job. The difference between others and Truman lies on the taboo that Truman has attained through the traumatic event of losing his own father. His taboo is that he is incapable of living the city, Seahaven as leaving the city signifies knowing the truth of his life. The film majorly depicts the moment when Truman realized skepticism around his entire life and departs the journey to find the truth and real identity
Plato's "Allegory of the Cave" presents a vision of humans as slaves chained in front of a fire observing the shadows of things on the cave wall in front of them. The shadows are the only "reality" the slaves know. Plato argues that there is a basic flaw in how we humans mistake our limited perceptions as reality, truth and goodness. The allegory reveals how that flaw affects our education, our spirituality and our politics.
The film uses special effects to highlight the camera’s constant gaze on Truman. For example, when black circles are created at the edges of the screen, indicating the circular lens being focused on Truman. As the TV show becomes more forceful in its attempts to keep its star on the set for the tv show audience, the camera dominates the screen more and the circle that Truman is visible within becomes smaller. This visually evokes the oppressive nature of the omnipresent camera for us as the film audience. Christof, the director of “The Truman Show” is a character with a God complex which is drawn from his name when we break it into “Christ” “of”. This gives us a sense of understanding of how Christof has control of this “Tru” “Man” (Truman) whose life he has created. Weir shows this in order to bring viewers’ attention as to how far the media is willing to go to gain an audience. The media nowadays often twists the truth by exaggerating events or even by orchestrating them by these special effects which will trigger a play on the emotions of the tv show audience so that they will react to the media’s advantage. In today’s society the media also show us only what they want us to see in order for us to feel a certain way and to keep us wanting more of it. In this show, Christof has the audience on our toes and giving us the hope and the questioning to ourselves of will Truman find out the truth one day or not?” or “will he leave one day to pursue his love for Sylvia?” This makes the audience want to watch more of it so that they are able to find out what will happen next. In
Peter Weir’s 1998 film, ‘The Truman show’ effectively manages to portray the message of audience manipulation both through the internal and external audiences of the show. This essay will be critically analyzing the techniques used to manipulate the audience in ‘The Truman Show”. Firstly, by analyzing the sound techniques, then by analyzing the camera shots used. Finally, by discussing how the symbolism used manages to successfully manipulate the audience’s views. There will now be three critical and analytical arguments supporting the statement that ‘The Truman Show’ manages to effectively manipulate the audience.
There is a lot of talk about illusion versus reality. Many people believe that we are all living in some sort of dream and that this is all an illusion and that we are not in a reality. In the two works Plato’s Allegory of the Cave by Jeff Stickney, and the movie The Truman Show by Peter Weir, both show the same concept of illusion versus reality through similarities and differences through the setting, the plot, and the display of characters.
The Truman show directed by Peter Weir and the dialogue “Allegory of the Cave,” written by Plato, both represent what an individual sees as the truth when they are controlled by the man made truth. In the Truman show, it’s a show where Truman Burbank has lived his whole life being broadcasted for 24 hours a day and has been living in a false world without knowing the truth. Similar to the “Allegory of the Cave,” in where Plato uses the cave and everything inside of that cave as a metaphor giving a description about a group of prisoners that have been the chained to the wall of the cave and only see shadows on what they perceive is reality.Both, The Truman Show and “Allegory of the Cave” demonstrate how the individuals experience their own
“The Truman Show” and Plato’s “Allegory of the Cave” writings were astonishingly similar in theory. Even though these two writings were written almost 2500 years apart, there were many key concepts alike. In both writings there was an imprisonment of a man from childhood to adulthood. Both of these men had a series of events occur as they grew older, which allowed their eyes and mind to see and process the truth of the world and to forget their ignorance. “... I proceed to say, go in to compare our natural condition, so far as education and ignorance are concerned, to a state of things like the following.” This statement from Plato truly states the theory of mind in which is portrayed in both “The Truman Show” and Plato.
Throughout the movie, The Truman Show directed by Peter Wier, and in the Allegory of the Cave by Plato, a major question is suggested throughout both of the stories, what is reality? In The Truman Show, Truman Burbank is born and raised in an artificial society that has been made to broadcast his daily life on live television. Eventually, Truman begins to realize discrepancies in the world around him until he's convinced that he is living in a fake, virtual world. In the end, Truman sails to freedom and escapes the shackling dome he called home. In the Allegory of the Cave, for all their lives, four prisoners are shackled to a post and forced to stare at a wall illuminated with shadows. As they grow up, one prisoner his released and told that
To conclude, the Cave is in significant to Plato's line. He wanted to show how everyone needs to get out of the "cave" and become educated and to come into the highest power of knowledge. Even though when the prisoner went back to the cave to tell everyone what he experienced they don't believe him and even tried to kill him. I believe what he did was worth the consequences because he still shared his knowledge to others to show them the truth. This reminds me of what Bertand Russell said "Enrich our intellectual imagination and diminish the dogmatic assurance which closes the mind against speculations."