Philosophy And Its Potential Effects On Decision Making

1263 Words6 Pages
Philosophy of education influences and largely determines, individual’s educational decisions. (Ornstein, Edwards & Stacey, 2015) State and local policymakers, researchers, teachers, and administrators confront a variety of conflicting philosophies and prescriptions in the debate over school curriculum, structure and reform. (Elmore, 1990) Ultimately, choices related to school structure, culture and curriculum are influenced by the philosophy (lens) in which decision-making personnel use to view the world. (Ornstein, et.al, 2015) These decisions affect many components that comprise a school. This paper will discuss examples and impact of the Reconstructionism philosophy on curriculum choices and decision-making in schools. In the context of educational curriculum development, it is important to understand the meaning of philosophy and its potential effects on decision-making and educational outcomes. Philosophy is comprised of a number branches. There is metaphysics, which questions nature of reality; ontology, which concerns the nature of being; logic, which focuses on reasoning; epistemology, which focuses on knowledge investigation and ethics, which is the study of morality. (Harword, 2012) All of these branches of philosophy add to the difficulties many face in developing a single definition. However, a general definition of philosophy is a set of ideas about how to do something or how to live. (Marriam Webster, 2015) Specific to curriculum design, Orenstein defines
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