Philosophy Chapter 2 Essay

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1-Explain (summarize and explain the main ideas of the philosopher) and evaluate (give reasons to defend your analysis of the views by giving arguments) the view of Anaxagoras regarding the nature of reality? * Anaxagoras accepted the principle that all changes in the objects of experience are in reality changes in the arrangements of underlying particles, he believed that everything was infinitely divisible. He was the man who introduces Philosophy to Athens; also he introduced into metaphysics an important distinction between matter and mind. Anaxagoras stated that each kind of substance has its own corresponding kind of particle and that each substance contains particles of every other kind. He postulated that the source of all…show more content…
He said that it must be a substance even more elementary than water, which it is not wrong at all. A water molecule is composed of two atoms of hydrogen and one atom of oxygen, so there we have another to elements simpler that water itself, the elements of which water is created. From my point of view he was close to reality, he was close to discover what we know today about the universe and about where everything came from.

3) Explain and evaluate the view of Empedocles?

* Empedocles was a major Greek philosopher. He thought that true reality is permanent and unchangeable, but also that said we should not dismiss the change we experience as mere illusion. He was probably the first or one of the first philosopher to attempt to reconcile and combine the apparently conflicting metaphysics of those who came before him. According to him the objects of experience do change, but there objects are composed of basic particles of matter that do not change. Empedocles stated that the basic particles are of four kinds: earth, air, fire, and water. He recognized that an account of reality must explain not merely how changes in the objects of experience occur, but why they occur. He explained that the basic elements enter new combinations under two forces, love and strife…. Which are essentially forces of attraction and decomposition. His discoveries on basic material
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