Philosophy Essay Montessori

2115 Words9 Pages
Maria Montessori, the first Italian woman to qualify as a physician, is renowned worldwide for her devotion to the philosophy of education and for the educational method that bears her name. Amongst others ground-breaking innovations, Montessori had a unique approach to discipline and obedience in the education of children. In this essay I will define and explain the terms ‘discipline’ and ‘obedience’, paying particular attention to the relationship between them. I will then address the issue of self-discipline together with the notion of will and analyse how they are at the root of the development of obedience. Finally, I will describe the three levels of obedience as outlined by Maria Montessori herself. First of all, it is necessary…show more content…
They can also relate to others and, most importantly, they develop a level of self-discipline that makes them willing to obey the ground rules. This is the path that will lead to the emerging of obedience, which happens when children can control themselves and ‘are masters of their own homes’ (Montessori, 1967, p304). According to this philosophy, the construction of discipline within the child is firstly indicated by the manifestation of concentration. In other words, we can say that the first indicators of discipline can be observed in the suppression of the impulses to distraction by the child: if the practitioner manages to keep the child’s attention and concentration, the first vital steps to discipline are complete. Alongside the development of discipline is the constitution of will, which requires as much attention and implementation as concentration and discipline do. There are many and varied methods the teacher can employ in order to reach this result, amongst which we will mention the importance given to physical movement, and to the building of a favourable space for the actualization of it. It is essential to keep in mind, however, that when we refer to movement we include not only what the child does do, but also what she/he decides not to do. As a real life example we can take into consideration the
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