Phineas Gage Suffers a Traumatic Brain Injury

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Phineas Gage, a 25 year old construction worker is known as one of the most famous patients that suffered from a traumatic brain injury. While working at a railroad site, an iron tamping rod (43 inches long, 1.25 diameter) went through his left cheek, through his brain, and out the skull. He surprisingly ended up surviving this traumatic injury. After a month in the hospital, he was back out on the street. Once a nice, caring person, Phineas turned into an aggressive man who could not even keep a job. Just like Phineas Gage, a TBI can potentially change everything. Brain studies on traumatic brain injuries are increasing every year. Even though the brain is very functional, brain injuries can have many physical, emotional, social, and…show more content…
These cases may potentially be long-term or even forever (Bellamy 30).
Long-term consequences have many different effects. There are four categories that a person with long-term effects may suffer: alteration of consciousness, cognitive difficulties, physical difficulties, and emotional/behavioral difficulties. They may have problems thinking, learning, talking, walking, and remembering for the rest of their lives. Any person that has had a brain injury is at risk of later having a seizure. Seizures are a result of damaged cells in the brain and can occur right after or even years after having a TBI.
The rehabilitation for people with traumatic brain injury is put into three different stages for medical care (Ross 40). These three stages are: inpatient, community integration, and lifetime of care. Each person’s rehabilitation process is different with the way they go through care. The healing process can last for months, or sometimes years. Those that go through the rehabilitation program function better than those that don’t. The two major goals are relearning and compensation.
The relearning therapy stage in rehabilitation can be a slow process. This stage allows the nerve cells to help take control over the functions of all the damaged nerve cells. The relearning step is critical in getting the patient back to real life. The patient sometimes has to relearn simple

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