Phineas P. Gage Essay

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Phineas P. Gage was born in 1823. He was a railroad construction worker outside a small town of Cavendish, Vermont. On September 13, 1848, Phineas suffered from a traumatic brain injury, which caused severe damage to parts of his frontal brain due to his accident at work. The day of Phineas accident, he was performing his work duties on the construction of a railroad track. His duty was to set explosive charges in holes drilled into large pieces of rock so that they could be broken up and removed. He had to fill the holes with gunpowder, with a fuse, and then pack in sand with a large tamping iron. Because gage was distracted on September 13, 1948, he forgot to fill in one of the holes with sand. In result, when he went to pack down the…show more content…
Barnum's New York museum. After that job he worked in New Hampshire as an assistant, and for about seven years, as a coach driver in Chile. He was also worked on a farm before his death. Gage moved to San Francisco with his mother in 1859. Sadly on May 21, 1860 Gage past away. Neurologist Antonio Damasio has written significantly on Gage and other patients that he studied on with similar injuries. Damasio viewed Gage's case as playing a crucial role in the history of neuroscience, and stated that Gage's story "was the historical beginnings of the study of the biological basis of behavior". Gage's case inspired the development of frontal lobotomy, which now is a psychosurgical procedure that leads to emotional response and personality traits. On the other hand, historical analysis doesn't support this claim because Gage's injury didn't have enough influence on the development of this practice. Gage not only suffered the accident but it had a dramatic impact on his life. There was criticism of Gage's story including the doubts on accuracy between scientific and popular discourse from Australian psychologist Malcolm Macmillan. According to Macmillan there was little information about Gage's personality and habits before the accident. The post-traumatic psychological changes reported while Gage was still alive were less dramatic than later reports had stated. A first report was printed in Ludlow, Vermont Free Soil Union anonymously within twenty-four
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