Phobias And Its Effects On Phobias

925 Words Apr 6th, 2016 4 Pages
A phobia is a phenomenon where an organism has a distinct fear of a particular event or object. Phobias can not only be a biological instinct but rather a conditioned emotional response as well. Though, there has been some argument on what causes phobia it is generally accepted that phobias both stem from biological input and environmental experiences. The first reference to phobias was done by Hippocrates, who wrote about one of his patients having an extreme fear over something that others would deem to be silly. Around the 1890’s phobias were described as a distinct mental condition by Freud and his researchers. Freud the creator of psychoanalysis stated that phobias were simply conflicts within oneself. Thus, to get rid of their phobia they would have to overcome a part of himself. However, not everyone was willing to agree with Freud, things like behaviorism for example, created a system known as conditioning and stimulus generalization to show that fear is something created through particular behaviors with the use of avoidance. However, despite the conflicting nonconscious/behavioral argument there is also a biological explanation to phobias. When someone notices something that could possibly be a threat there are two types of pathways that are used to decipher the situation/object. The first being thalamo-cortico-amygdala pathway. This is a long process where with the use of primary sensory, unimodal association and polymodal cortices is able to truly identify…

More about Phobias And Its Effects On Phobias

Open Document