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Phonological Disorders

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Speech sound disorders may be subdivided into two primary types, articulation disorders (also called phonetic disorders) and phonemic disorders (also called phonological disorders). Articulation disorders (also called phonetic disorders) are based on difficulty learning to physically produce the intended phonemes. Articulation disorders have to do with the main articulators which are the lips, teeth, alveolar ridge, hard palate, velum, glottis, and the tongue. If the disorder has anything to do with any of these articulators, then it is an articulation disorder. In a phonemic disorder (also known as phonological disorders) the child is having trouble learning the sound system of the language, failing to recognize which sound-contrasts also
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