Physical Domain For Early Childhood

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The physical domain for early childhood involves “a slower growth pattern” (Berk, 2012, p. 290) from when the child was an infant. As both genders begin to thin in different regions of the body, the torso “lengthens and widens” as the “spine straightens” (Berk, 2012, p. 290). With “body proportions similar to those of adults” (Berk, 2012, p. 290), they do not bear much resemblance to the little cherub-faced infants they once were. This elongating and shaping of the body ultimately helps with motor coordination because the “posture and balance improve” (Berk, 2012, p. 290). The child observed, gch, was able to engage in different activities due to her abilities in motor function. During the first observation, she hopped across the room…show more content…
318). He placed more of an emphasis on the play and motor activity improving cognitive thinking rather than language. Vygotsky disagreed with Piaget about children’s mental abilities in his sociocultural theory, explaining the belief that “the child and the social environment collaborate to mold cognition in culturally adaptive ways” (Berk, 2012, p. 329). He proposed that “rapid growth of language broadens preschoolers’ participation in social dialogues with more knowledgeable individuals, who encourage them to master culturally important tasks” (Berk, 2012, p. 329). This enhances “the complexity of their thinking and ability to control their own behavior” (Berk, 2012, p. 329). Vygotsky, therefore, placed more emphasis on language than Piaget did, regarding it as “the foundation of all higher cognitive processes” (Berk, 2012, p. 360). As children grow and interact with adults aiding and teaching them through language, they ultimately learn how to think for themselves in their surroundings with the ability to speak internally and externally. Differing from the other two theories is information processing theory. This belief focuses on mental strategies of a child (Berk, 2012, p. 334). As they grow, they begin to “guide their own behavior [to] lead to more efficient and flexible ways of attending, manipulating information, and solving problems (Berk, 2012, p. 334). Out of the
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