Even Though some say it makes that students mature,studies show that not only is corporal punishment a ineffective method of discipline, but it also has major deleterious effects on the physical and mental health of those on whom it is inflicted.
In particular, when a child is struck for hurting another child, it actually shows that through aggression that they can become the aggressor and get what they want, usually a ‘child is more likely to imitate the aggressive behaviour in the long-term.’ (Gershoff, 2010). Actions like this tend to result in abusive behaviour flowing through to teenage years and even adulthood as it allows them to get exactly what they want. The use of corporal punishment by parents is used with the intention of making a child change their actions immediately and to reduce it occurring again, although this has been proven to be only be as effective as almost any other measure. The other aspect of psychological changes are the likes of mental health issues, given the violent aspects of corporal punishment. Studies have found that ‘the more frequently or severely children are spanked or hit, the more likely they are to have symptoms of depression or anxiety.’ (Gershoff, 2010). The circumstances around the development of these issues being caused by the action of punishing a child in this manner suggests that the best scenario is to not allow it to take place anymore. There are so many other options to use when disciplining a child that for these to still be considered pliable even with these dangers is not reasonable. Studies also suggest that the use of corporal
They claim that spanking only teaches the child to fear their parents instead of respecting them. It can be dangerous because children will grow up thinking it's okay to hit other people to get their way, which is what parents do. Spanking can lead to violent behaviors later in their lives. "Corporal punishment is of limited effectiveness and has potentially deleterious side effects," American Academy of Pediatrics has said in a policy statement. In a 2002 study, published in the Psychology Bulletin, said that even though corporal punishment can make a child obey their parents in the short run, it can also be the link to long-term problems such as mental disorders and behavioral
Corporal punishment is defined as the deliberate infliction of pain as retribution for an offense, or for the purpose of disciplining or reforming a wrongdoer, or to deter attitudes or behavior deemed unacceptable (Wikipedia 2014). The line between spanking and abuse is not always clear and is decided on a case by case basis by the state prosecutors and judges and whether the line has been crossed. If asked parents use the word spanking as not just a slap on the buttocks, but a form of corporal punishment that is not severe enough to be classified as abuse. Corporal punishment has been repeatedly associated with child abuse, moral internalization, aggression, delinquent and antisocial behavior, decreased quality of the parent-child relationship, increased behavioral symptoms, later criminal behavior, worse mental health, and perpetration of spouse and child abuse (Gershoff, 2002; Zolotor et al., 2008).
One report shows that “physical punishment doesn’t improve children’s behavior in the long term.” Spanking your kids leads to many negative outcomes including mental health problems. There is even a greater risk for kids to have a serious injury when they are physically abused (“Discipline vs. Abuse”, 2016). Parents are likely to hit when they are angry. Being angry makes people go crazy. Parents could only mean to hit the kid a little, but end up really hurting the kid because they were angry.
Opposition to corporal punishment stresses the long-term effects of corporal punishment such as children externalizing their behaviors or becoming more physically aggressive (Gromoske and Maguire-Jack, 2012:1054, Lansford et.al 2012: 225, Mayer and Blome, 2013: 145). Hitting a child when he/she does something
Once considered an appropriate parenting strategy, corporal punishment is progressively being deemed as a risk factor to children’s development by health professionals (Durrant, 2008). Corporal punishment does have detrimental effects on a child’s development (Gershoff, 2012). It models aggression, impairs cognitive and emotional development, and establishes antisocial behavior in children (Straus, 1999; Gershoff, 2012).
When considering the effectiveness of corporal punishment, it is important to take into consideration the effects that it has on whole populations rather than just one case. Jared Pingleton, a clinical psychologist and a minister writes in an article for Focus on the Family as an appeal for the necessity of corporal punishment, “Many parents today view themselves primarily as their child’s friend and recoil at the idea of administering discipline. Children, though, desperately need their parents’ love and affirmation as well as their authoritative guidance and correction”. (Pingleton, 2014) This way of thinking about discipline is very important regardless of whether corporal discipline is used, but the use of spanking is often the most immediately effective way of conveying this message. Pingleton suggests in his step by step guide to carrying out discipline that when a parent approaches spanking properly, it can create a lasting sense of love and respect between the parent and the child. Spanking is used around the world to influence child development, and although it has many positives, it is also necessary to examine its’ alternatives.
The research on disciplinary spanking is misleading. There are three major criticisms of the research against spanking. The first is correlational which does not prove causation. All of the evidence against spanking has been based on correlations. Most of Gershoff and Grogan-Kaylor’s evidence is based on “cross-sectional” correlations. These correlations only consider data collected during one time period without considering the previous state of the research participants. This kind of correlation technique superficially makes spanking appear to cause aggression since the children spanked more often are the children who were more aggressive during the same time period. This is a problem for research on spanking because there is no way to tell what came first in cross-correlational research so there is no way to tell what affects what. Even if infrequent spanking is correlated with better outcomes than overly frequent spanking, that does not prove that zero spanking is best. Every child is different. There is not a certain amount of times a child can be spanked in order for them to change behavior. Only 4 of their 75 studies were limited to two open-handed swats to the buttocks for child defiance. The other 71 studies lumped together all “spanking” regardless of how it was implemented and why it was used. Not all spanking is the same, some is stronger
We will find in the spanked kids a physical and verbal form of aggression against others: classmate, family members, friends etc… it is like an expression of all frustration accumulated by spanked and frustrated child. Another study published in the Akron Law Review examined criminal records and found that children raised where a legal ban on parental corporal punishment is in effect are much more likely to be involved in crime. When kids and spanked or abuse in their childhood are spanked, they develop a hatred. The immediate consequence in their adolescence is physical aggression. It is the most common in the adolescent behavior and are likely to result in physical injury. The most extreme form of violence is a homicide. Thus, fights involving weapons and fights by teenagers old enough to be able to inflict serious injuries are what see in the street every day. So finally spanked kids destroy them more than it help them to behave as parents would like to. It is why it is better to choose a different way to help kids to understand and to learn what is acceptable and what is not. In fact Dozens of countries have banned parental corporal punishment, such as Germany, Italy, and in 2007 New Zealand, which use force to correct children causes complete criminal penalties, and where the mother cannot even legally take the hand of her child to bring it where it refuses to go. And according to Krisha McCoy, discipline is a way of teaching children the restraint and values necessary to become competent and independent adults. When our child behaves negatively, the best way to teach him the positive behavior should be for example to explain what is wrong in his behavior, then explain or show with examples what is better to do. Also and the explanation of the reasons of positive behaviors regarding others, environments, society, laws, rules. And the consequences of “not doing this way” or of “doing
There has been a study that 90% of parents who have toddlers spank or use some other form of corporal punishment, which is outrageous. Even though the numbers have declined form the age of five, in the article it states that adults still remember being punished in their teen age years. It goes into detail of how the mistreatment of children can really harm them without the care giver really putting much thought to it. The generality of the situation puts children at harm and they are trying to conduct studies to show that corporal punishment leads to a risk of developing mental health and social relationships later in their life. Also they can have an increased risk of having depression, suicidal thoughts, alcohol abuse, physical abuse of their own children, and also can lead to wife beating. It really shows how corporal punishment puts the child at
Many studies have come out with negative effects that can come about from using many forms of corporal punishment. As parents we need to ask ourselves are we able to control ourselves when we are upset at our kids? Are we able to be fair to our kids? Can the things we do to our children come back and turn out to be used against us and others? “Corporal punishment
The world has changed in many different ways, but there are still things that need to be changed for the better. Corporal punishment is one of those things. All around the world, corporal punishment is affecting children in many ways. It is described as a form of discipline that hurts a child in a way and is used both in homes and schools. It has been going on for years upon years and very few people try to stop it. People believe corporal punishment is good for children, but there have been so many negative outcomes that other people argue against it. Although some people believe that corporal punishment helps improve a child’s behavior, corporal punishment should not be used because it could be used excessively and it is ineffective.
Corporal punishment is wrong because it causes long-term negative effects on students. If a student receives a paddling as a punishment it could cause serious problems for that student mentally and physically. One example of this is in an article called Should Corporal Punishment Be Used in K-12 Schools?. It says “frequent use of corporal punishment leads to a higher risk for anxiety, depression, substance abuse, stress, and other mental health”. These would be dangerous for a child’s health. In serious cases this could even lead to suicidal thoughts. Not only can corporal punishment affect a child's mental health, it can also have an affect on their performance in school. Another example from an article says, “Students who experience corporal punishment in
Discipline is one of the basic things a child learns from his parents before he or she faces the outside world to learn more about life as a whole. Teaching this trait can depend on how the parent shows it to their child and how they explain the importance of having this trait both in and out of their homes. Misbehaving children cannot be avoided as they are curious little beings and they have a tendency to explore. But there are some parents, even teachers, who do not tolerate misbehaving and they resort to corporal punishments such as spanking to make sure the child never forgets how painful it is to misbehave as they will remember the punishment entailed to it and become more disciplined. However, not all children would understand the