Physically Challenged

6701 Words Jan 24th, 2013 27 Pages
PHYSICALLY CHALLENGED

WHO IS A PHYSICALLY CHALLENGED PERSON?
A person is considered ‘handicapped’ or ‘physically challenged’ when he is not an ordinary person with all limbs. A disabled person is one who suffers from the loss or impairment of a limp or deformity in physical or mental capability whether due to nature's foul play or an unexpected unfortunate accident. Disabled persons are of two types. (i) Physically handicapped (ii) Mentally ill. The condition of disability may arise by birth or in accident. Polio, blindness, deafness, dumbness and mental illness may occur by birth or by other incidents or due to ill health. Handicappedness is measured by medical persons in various degrees while they give certificate to the handicapped
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"Hearing impairment" means loss of sixty decibels or more in the better ear in the conversational range of frequencies.

v. "locomotive disability" means disability of the bones, joints or muscles leading to substantial restriction of the movement of the limbs or any form of cerebral palsy.

vi. “Mental illness" means any mental disorder other than mental retardation;

vii. "Mental retardation" means a condition of arrested or incomplete development of mind of a person which is specially characterized by sub normality of intelligence.

PROBLEMS FACED BY THE PHYSICALLY HANDICAPPED PERSONS:
(1) Physically handicapped persons like blind & insane persons cannot go from place to place alone and they require personal assistance. (2) They require medical assistance to face their challenges and to undergo major operations and treatment. (3) They cannot stand in Q along with other persons. (4) They cannot compete with other persons to secure seats in educational institutions and employment. (5) They cannot earn their livelihood due to unemployment.

CURRENT ISSUES & STATUS
Defining Disability In India, different definitions of disability are introduced for various purposes and, as such, they have been based on various criteria. No single standard exists in India in order to evaluate disability. In common
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